This paper describes findings from a pilot study that compared the collaborative use by children of three different media formats: a paper book, a CD-ROM in a standard PC set-up, and a paper booklet augmented with digital content. These findings show how the book's ergonomics provide a flexible and easily accessible interface which engenders fluid collaboration between pairs of children. These qualities are also observed when children work with the augmented paper booklet. The value of digital content is demonstrated in a participatory design activity, where we find how digital media can 'bring to life' the information presented on paper. In contrast to developments focused narrowly on new technologies, this study presents evidence for the use and value of paper, and paper augmented with digital media, in educational settings.
Tallyn, E., Frohlich, D.M., Linketscher, N., Signer, B. and Adams, G,: "Using Paper to Support Collaboration in Educational Activities", Proceedings of the Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL 2005), Taipei, Taiwan, May 2005